Greek mythology is fascinating. Even if you’ve never read the complete stories, you can appreciate the gods and goddesses, and the legacy they’ve left behind. Here are some Greek gods and goddesses from Ancient Greece who are incredibly important:
Important Terms In Greek Mythology
If you’re interested in Greek mythology, here are some terms you should know that relate to the Greek gods:
These twelve gods are the major deities of the Greek pantheon. They are called Olympian gods because they resided on mount Olympus. The twelve Olympians are Zeus, Hera, Poseidon, Demeter, Athena, Apollo, Artemis, Ares, Hephaestus, Aphrodite, Hermes, and either Hestia or Dionysus.
In ancient Greek mythology, the Titans were the former gods. They were the generation of gods preceding the Olympians. There are twelve Titan Gods. They are Oceanus, Coeus, Crius, Hyperion, Iapetus, and Cronus. The women are Thea, Rhea, Themis, Mnemosyne, Phoebe, and Tethys.
In ancient Greek mythology, primordial gods are the first generation of gods and goddesses. They represent basic components of the universe, like Earth, Air, Sea, Sky, Fresh Water, Underworld, Darkness, Night, Light, Day, Procreation, and Time.
In ancient Greek mythology, the Muses are important to Greek culture. They are the inspirational goddesses of literature, science, and the arts. The Muses are Clio, Euterpe, Thalia, Melpomeni, Terpsichore, Erato, Polymnia, Ourania, and Calliope.
Greek Gods And Goddesses In Greek Mythology
You’ve probably heard of many gods before. Their names are common in pop culture. However, you might not know their stories. Here are some famous gods in Greek mythology you should know:
Apollo was the son of Zeus and Leto. He was born on the island of Delos and was the twin brother of Artemis. She was also an Olympian and shared his skills for archery. Apollo was friends with the nine Muses, goddesses who were known for inspiring art and music. He and his twin sister Artemis both carried bows.
She was the Greek goddess of beauty, love, and fertility. She fought with Paris in the Trojan War. She and her son Eros (who is Cupid in Roman mythology) worked as a team. He made Zeus fall in love with a human named Europe.
Ares was another son of Zeus and his mother was Hera. According to Homer, both of his parents could not stand him. Ares was known as the God of War because he represented battle. His Roman equivalent was Mars.
She is Ares’s female counterpart, the goddess of war. She is another daughter of Zeus and Hera, but she sprung from his forehead fully formed. Athena was the guardian of Athens and the Parthenon was her temple. Just like Hestia and Artemis, she is one of three virgin goddesses. Her Roman counterpart was Minerva.
She was the twin sister of Apollo. Artemis was a virgin goddess of wildlife and wild animals, and the patroness of hunters. She played an important role to women when it came to marriage and children. In most paintings and sculptures, she appeared with a hunting dog. Both Apollo and Artemis used a bow and arrow. Her Roman name was Diana.
He wandered the earth, teaching men the culture of the vine. That is why he was known as the God of the Vine. Dionysus was the son of Zeus but born to a mortal mother. Zeus killed her on accident and sewed Dionysus into his thigh. He was the last god to enter Olympus.
She was the daughter of Cronos and Rhea. Demeter was also the Greek goddess of fertility and the harvest. Thesmophoria was a festival held in her honor where only women were allowed to attend. Her Roman equivalent was Ceres.
Hades was known as the God of Wealth, but he ruled the world of the dead. He owned a helmet that made its owner invisible. He married Persephone after kidnapping her and making her his queen. This happened by tricking her into eating enchanted pomegranate seeds so she was forced to remain with him.
Hera was the queen of the Olympian gods. She was a gracious protector and never forgot an injury. She was the wife to Zeus, but she was also his sister. In the story, the Quest of the Golden Fleece, she was a protector of the heroes. Her Roman equivalent was Juno.
She was the sister of Demeter, Hades, Poseidon, Hera, and Zeus. She doesn’t appear in much Greek mythology and wasn’t included in the works of Homer.
Although most gods are beautiful, this was the only ugly Greek god. He was known as the God of Fire and made furnishings and weapons for the other immortals.
This was a trickster god in the Greek pantheon. He also served as a messenger god. Hermes was conceived and born over one day, and he is known for his winged sandals. The Roman god is called Mercury.
This is one of the most popular Greek gods. He was the sea god and protector of waters. Poseidon always carried a trident or three-pronged spear. He received his dominion after the fall of the Titans. His Roman equivalent was Neptune.
She was the Greek goddess of fate, fortune, and chance. She represented both the positive and negative characteristics of luck. The ancient Greeks believed she was the reason for both good and bad surprises in their life.
Zeus overthrew his father, Cronus, with the help of Poseidon and Hades. He controlled the weather, which makes sense because his name means bright or sky. A fun fact about him you might already know is that he used a thunderbolt as a weapon. It was made for him by the Cyclops. The Roman God is called Jupiter.
More Greek Gods, Goddesses, And Figures From Ancient Greece
Alectrona is a Greek goddess of the sun or goddess of the morning.
This is the patron god of the “silver-swirling” Achelous River.
This is the Greek god of the winds and air.
This is the Greek goddess of the sea. She is a Nereid who is married to Poseidon, the god of the sea.
This is the goddess of gardens, flowers, swamps, and marshes.
This is another goddess of gardens, flowers, swamps, and marshes.
Astraea is associated with the goddess of justice, Dike. She is known as the star maiden.
This is the Greek goddess of mischief, delusion, ruin, and folly.
This is a Greek goddess who was worshipped at a sanctuary on Aegina.
Achelois is a moon goddess. Her name means “she who washes away pain”.
This is the primordial god of the upper air, light, the atmosphere, space, and heaven.
This is the god of family feuds and avenger of evil deeds.
She gave birth to several children with Poseidon, who is another famous god.
She chose the mechanism of death and ended the life of each mortal by cutting their thread of human life.
This is a minor patron god who is the son of Apollo. He represents animal husbandry, bee-keeping, and fruit trees.
This is the god of medicine, health, healing, rejuvenation, and physicians.
This is the Primordial Titan of Astronomy who has a famous story. After the Titans lost the war, Atlas was sentenced by Zeus to carry the world on his back.
This is the goddess of force and raw energy. She is the child of Pallas and Styx. Nike, Kratos, and Zelus are her siblings.
This is an ancient Greek prophet goddess. She was known as the protector of mariners, sailors, and fishermen.
This is a wind god. He is the god of the cold north wind and the bringer of winter. He is commonly referred to by the name: The North Wind.
She was captured by Achilles during the Trojan War. He fell in love with her.
This is a three-headed dog. He lived with Hades, the king of the underworld.
This is the wild bull tamed by Persephone. It was turned into the Taurus constellation you may know from astrology.
This is an important god who filled the gap between Heaven and Earth. He created Gaia, Tartarus, Uranus, Nyx, and Erebos. They were the first beings, which came from nothing.
This is a sea nymph who lived on the island of Ogygia. She detained Odysseus for several years and is the daughter of the Titan Atlas.
This is the Titan god of the heavenly constellations and the measure of the year.
This is the god of agriculture. He is the leader of the first generation of Titans and the father of the Titans.
This is the Ferryman of Hades. His job is to take newly dead people across the rivers Styx and Acheron to the Greek underworld. His passengers must pay him three obolus, which are Greek silver coins.
This is one of the Pleiades. She married Poseidon, one of the most famous sea gods, and gave birth to Lycus and Nycteus.
This is a minor god of opportunity, luck, and favorable moments.
Castor and Pollux are twins, who are known as Dioskouri. Zeus transformed them into the constellation Gemini.
This is the goddess of childbirth. Homer calls her, “the goddess of the pains of birth”.
This is the primordial god of darkness. Primordial gods are gods who come before all else.
This is the god of sexual desire, attraction, love, and procreation.
This is one of the wind gods, which are known as Anemoi. He is the god of the east wind, which is known as unlucky.
This is one of the seven daughters of Atlas and Pleione. All seven of them are known as The Pleiades.
This is one of the most well-known Greek heroes. He is the strongest man on Earth. He became a god of heroes, sports, athletes, health, agriculture, fertility, trade, oracles, and divine protector of mankind. There’s even a Disney movie based on his legacy.
Hera threw him off of Mount Olympus when he was born. However, he grew up to marry Aphrodite. He was the Greek god of fire and foraging.
This is the Greek goddess of harmony and concord.
This is the god of marriage ceremonies, inspiring feasts, and song.
This is the Greek god of sleep.
This is the god of the Sun. He is also known as Sol.
This is the god of fire, metalworking, stone masonry, forges, and the art of sculpture. He is married to Aphrodite and created weapons for the gods.
This is the goddess of youth.
This is the Greek goddess of the rainbow and messenger of the gods. She is one of the goddesses of the sea and the sky.
This is the god of strength and power.
These are female spirits. They are the daughters of the goddess of night, Nyx.
This is a Dionysian goddess. Her celebrations were wild and lascivious.
This is one of the Three Fates. She is the measurer of the thread of life.
She gave birth to the twins, Artemis and Apollo.
This is another one of the nine Muses. She was originally the muse of singing, but she became the muse of tragedy.
This is one of the seven Pleiades. Her husband is the king Sisyphos of Ephyra.
This is the god of satire, mockery, censure, writers, and poets. He is evil-spirited and represents blame and unfair criticism.
This is the Titan goddess of wisdom. She is an Oceanid who was the first wife to Zeus.
This is the primordial goddess of the night.
This is the Titan god of the sea. He was around before Poseidon and was the father of the Nereids (nymphs of the sea).
This is another wind god, which is known as an Anemoi. He is the god of the south wind.
This is the Titan god of the ocean. He is the personification of the World Ocean, which is a huge river that goes around the world.
This is the Greek goddess of persuasion and seduction.
This is the goddess of fame, gossip, and renown.
She is the wife of Odysseus.
This is another one of The Muses. She is the muse of sacred poetry, hymn, dance, agriculture, geometry, and pantomime.
Paean is the physician of the Olympian gods.
This is the Titan god of warcraft. He also represents the springtime campaign season.
This is one of the Greek god names you might not recognize. He is the Greek god of wealth.
Pollux is the twin brother of Castor. The Dioskouri were transformed into the constellation Gemini.
This is the goddess of the moon. She is referred to as Luna or the mother of vampires.
This is one of the seven Pleiades. According to most accounts, she married Oenomaus.
This is one of the seven Pleiades who is a mountain nymph.
This is the goddess of dance and chorus. She is another one of the nine Muses.
This is another one of the Muses. She is the muse of comedy and idyllic poetry.
This is an ancient Greek Titaness. She is the goddess of divine order, law, and custom.
This is a sea nymph who is the goddess of water. She is a shapeshifter and a prophet.
This is one of the Muses. She is the muse of astronomy and astrology.
This is the god of dedication, emulation, eager rivalry, envy, jealousy, and zeal.
This is the final wind god. He is the god of the west wind, and he has one of the most interesting Greek god names.